Give yourself the once over! Use Katharine Findlays' warrant of fitness checklist to help you and your loved ones stay healthy through the year.
How much do you drink? Moderate drinking may be beneficial to health, but alcohol consumption is a factor in the development of many diseases including cancers. To reduce long-term health risks, drinking guidelines for men are no more than 3 standard drinks a day and no more than 15 in any one week. For women these figures are 2 standard drinks per day and no more than 10 per week. A minimum of two alcohol-free days a week is recommended for both sexes. Alcohol should not be consumed during pregnancy. Alcohol and Drug Helpline: 0800 787 797. www.alcohol.org.nz
Had yours checked recently? High blood pressure (known as hypertension) is a risk factor for conditions like heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. It can be managed by medication and/or lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, good diet, regular exercise, limiting alcohol, and managing stress. Make sure your GP checks your blood pressure when you next visit. Kits that measure blood pressure are available from pharmacies for regular monitoring at home. www.heartfoundation.org.nz or www.stroke.org.nz
Osteoporosis is a major cause of fractures or broken bones as we age. Screening tests are sometimes available at pharmacies and shopping malls and can be helpful to identify people (often women) who are most likely to benefit from further bone density tests. The only real way to know your bone density is to have a bone density scan (or DXA) to measure the amount of calcium in your bones. http://bones.org.nz or www.bonedensity.org.nz
Bowel cancer screening
New Zealand has one of the highest bowel cancer rates in the world. Bowel screening can detect bowel (colorectal) cancers at an early stage, when they can be treated more successfully. This is important, as there may be no warning signs or symptoms that bowel cancer is developing. As yet, there is no national screening programme, though a pilot programme offering free bowel cancer screening is available to everyone aged 50-74 who is eligible for publicly funded healthcare and living in the Waitemata DHB area. You can also ask your GP for a simple bowel test kit (Faecal Occult Blood Test - FOBT) but you will have to pay for the laboratory blood tests. www.bowelscreenwaitemata.co.nz or www.beatbowelcancer.org.nz
Breastscreen Aotearoa offers free mammograms every two years for women aged between 45 and 69. If you are not registered, ask your GP about referral; phone 0800 270 200 or register online at www.nsu.govt.nz/current-nsu-programmes/breastscreen-aotearoa.aspx Screening is not a diagnosis. All women should do regular breast self-examinations, and consult your doctor immediately about anything that is not normal for you. Breast Cancer Foundation, www.nzbcf.org.nz
The National Cervical Screening Programme is available to all women in New Zealand aged between 20 and 70. Having a smear test every three years is the best way of finding and treating abnormal cell changes and preventing cervical cancer from developing. Check with your doctor if you have unusual symptoms at any age. The cost of a smear test will be what you usually pay to see your doctor or nurse. Some community or private health organisations offer a free or low cost service. Phone 0800 729 729. www.nsu.govt.nz
Incontinence can nearly always be treated or managed, so don't be afraid to ask for help if you have a continence problems. Careful assessment to sort out the cause and find the best solution can make a real difference to your quality of life. Talk to your doctor or practice nurse about exercises to improve bladder control, and ask your pharmacist for further information about continence support. Phone the National Continence Helpline during business hours, 0800 650 659, or visit www.continence.org.nz
Feeling down in response to stressful events in our lives is a normal reaction. But when feelings of misery and unhappiness persist, it may not be a matter of 'just getting over it'. You or a loved one could be experiencing depression. You are not alone: 1 in 6 New Zealanders will experience a serious depression at some point in their life. If you suspect you are depressed, don't try to deal with your depression alone. Tell someone you trust how you are feeling and consult your doctor about the best course of action. You can find information at www.depression.org.nz and/or phone the free Depression Helpline, 0800 111.757. Young people can be especially vulnerable. www.thelowdown.co.nz is a website devoted to helping them understand and deal with depression. www.commonground.org.nz is a new website to help family, whanau, and friends assist the young people in their lives to enjoy positive mental health and wellbeing.